It is important to observe that, usually, the number of institutions of the units of the federacy tends to wait direct relation with the population. Thus, for example, So Paulo, MinasGerais and Rio De Janeiro, the states most populous of Brazil, also they are osestados with the biggest number of institutions of superior education. Already estadosdo Acre, Amap and Roraima, of lesser population, is also the ones that have menornmero of institutions. The state of the Paran, however, is exception: inferior compopulao to the one of the Rio Grande Do Sul and with approximately 5 dehabitantes million to less of what Rio De Janeiro, the Paran has the nmeroexpressivamente biggest one of IES' '. (INEP, 2005). National Cadastro of Professors of 2005/1 registers one totalde 230,784 operating professors in the Brazilian superior education.
Of these 48.0% atuamna Southeastern region, 21.1% in the South region, 16.8% in the Northeast region, 8.8% naregio Center-West and only 5.2% in the region North. We can observe that opercentual cumulative between the regions South and Southeastern of 69,1% of the docentesatuantes in the superior level. Except for the historical proportionalities and we econmicaspodemos to evidence the enormous abysses and or challenges of the qualification technique dosprofissionais that works and lives in the region. According to INEP (2005), of the 230,784 active professors superior daeducao in 2005/1, 52,376 are doctors, after-doctors oulivre-professors, representing 22.7% of the total. The masters constitute maiorgrupo: 80,787 professors, a 35,0% index. The number of specialists is de67.822, representing 29.4%. But graduated acting as professors the educaosuperior they are 27,334, an index of 11,8% in relation to the total. Pequenogrupo of professors without graduation has one (that we could call professors for well-known notriaespecializao or to know) and that they are 2,465, representing 1.1%. Somadosos masters and doctors (including after-doctors and free-professors), therefore, representam57.7% of the total of professors. More important still to observe is the distribution dastitulaes for region, as we verify in the representation of the doctors, in regiesNorte and Center-West is the ones that more were distanciam of the average national, comapenas 12.7% and 16.2% of doctors, respectively, for a national average de22.7%.