Production of premixes is developing in Russia for more than twenty years, at the moment it has already reached its peak. In our country are engaged in hundreds of enterprises. However, for many consumers, even the word "premix" and remained a mystery. Traditional food, manufactured feed mill, did not address the needs of animals and birds in the vitamin and mineral substances. The necessity of introducing into the animal feed production and uniform distribution in it of biologically active substances and vitamins, and ordained the creation of pre-mixes. The word "premix" is composed of two Latin words prae – forward tentatively and micseo – mix.
This dressing mixture of biologically active substances of microbiological and chemical synthesis, used to improve the nutritional feed and improve the biological effects on the body of their pets. There are kinds of premix: pre-Premix (concentration in the fodder to 0,5%), premix (5%), protein-vitamin and protein-mineral-vitamin supplements (5 to 30%). Premixes are also classified and other grounds, for example, the composition they are divided into amino acids, minerals, vitamins and complex. By appointment – to productive (they are used in the manufacture of feed for healthy animals, they contain substances that improve health and strengthen the immune system), therapeutic and prophylactic (they contain veterinary preparations for the prevention of various diseases), treatment (drugs used to treat sick animals and birds). As a rule, the premix includes the following components: filler (the product that can hold and dissolve the active ingredients) – it could be oatmeal, bran, grass meal, cakes, yeast, etc.; Vitamins (Raise the general tone of the animals, stimulate the activity of many physiological systems) – Vitamins A, D, E, K, C, Groups B, minerals, macronutrients, micronutrients (serve as a structural material in building animal skeletons, are involved in the synthesis of cells and tissues) – calcium, magnesium, iron, phosphorus, copper, etc.; enzymes (improves absorption of nutrients, effectively increasing the nutritive diet of the animals) – Protosubtilin, amilosubtilin and many others feed antibiotics (applied to the prevention of infectious diseases, promoting growth of animals) – tetracycline, grizin, vitamitsin etc.
amino acids – lysine, methionine and t.d.trankvilizatory (eliminate nervous tension, fear and anxiety in animals) – phenazepam, reserpine and t.d.vspomogatelnye substances – antioxidants, preservatives, aromatizatory. premixes for specialized plants or, in extreme cases, in special lines of feed businesses. Typically, each class is designed for a specific type of animal, of a certain age and in different directions productivity (for example, has premixes for poultry that are aimed at either increasing egg production or to increase the weight). The mechanism of action is due to the presence of Premixes by all those substances which are necessary pet, but they can not get naturally. All materials are in optimal quantities and ratios. Premixes saves staple food, the animal receives more nutrients and more eats. However, it should stipulate that the premixes are not self-feed, but only a supplement to the diet of animals. Misapplication of premix animal can get sick or even die. Known cases where improper use of premixes led to the death of livestock. The animals simply can not stand liver. Despite the fact that the recent production of premixes is in rapid development, rural economy, in principle, is in ruins. Therefore, the market for products such as premixes, carried mainly on large livestock farms or on private farmers' organizations.